Scientific Contributions

This is not the usual list of publications. First it also includes things that might not seem relevant for a scientific career (read: considered by some as a waste of time), but which are important to me (and usually also others). Second it also includes a list of my failures. Rejections and screw-ups are part of science -- you venture into the unknown -- and I have learned a lot from these mistakes.

To make the scientific contributions manageable, I have divided them into the following categories:


Journal (peer-reviewed)

Wessel, D. (2015). The Potential of Computer-Assisted Direct Observation Apps. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies (iJIM), 9(1), 31. doi:10.3991/ijim.v9i1.4205

Zahn, C., Schaeffeler, N., Giel, K. E., Wessel, D., Thiel, A., Zipfel, S. & Hesse, F.W. (2014). Video clips for YouTube: Collaborative video creation as an educational concept for knowledge acquisition and attitude change. Education and Information Technologies, 19, 603-621.

Knipfer, K., Kump, B., Wessel, D., & Cress, U. (2013). Reflection as catalyst for organisational learning. Studies in Continuing Education, 35 (1), 30-48.

Giel, K. E., Zipfel, S., Alizadeh, M., Schäffeler, N., Zahn, C., Wessel, D., Hesse, F. W., Thiel, S., & Thiel, A. (2012). Stigmatization of obese individuals by human resource professionals: an experimental study. BMC Public Health, 12:525, doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-525

Schwan, S., Zahn, C., Wessel, D., Huff, M., Herrmann, N., & Reussner, E. (2008). Lernen in Museen und Ausstellungen - die Rolle digitaler Medien. Unterrichtswissenschaft, 36 (2), 117-135.

Wessel, D., & Mayr, E. (2007). Potentials & challenges of mobile media in museums. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 1 (1), 32-39.

Book Chapters and Entries

Wessel, D. (2013). Mobiles Lernen. In M. A. Wirtz (Hrsg.), Dorsch – Lexikon der Psychologie (16. Aufl., S. 1040). Bern: Verlag Hans Huber.

Wessel, D. (2012). Die Zukunft deiner Forschung. Wie organisiert man eine wissenschaftliche Arbeit? [The Future of your Research. How to organize a scientific work?] In Kieselhorst, R., Baudson, T. G., & Seemüller, A. (Eds.) Zukunft und Forschung [Future and Research] (pp. 5-21). Göttingen: Cuvillier Verlag Göttingen.

Knipfer, K., & Wessel, D. (2010). Science and technology museums as places for critical thinking skill development. In S. D. Grahame (Ed.), Science Education in a Rapidly Changing World (pp. 137-144). New York: Nova.

Mayr, E., Knipfer, K., & Wessel, D. (2009). In-sights into mobile learning: An exploration of mobile eye tracking methodology for learning in museums. In G. Vavoula, N. Pachler, & A. Kukulska-Hulme (Eds.), Researching mobile learning: Frameworks, tools and research designs (pp. 189-204). Oxford: Peter Lang.

Wessel, D. (2008). Kreativität braucht Struktur - Wie organisiert man seine Kreativität? In T.G. Baudson, & M. Dresler (Eds.), Kreativität und Innovation: Beiträge aus Wirtschaft, Technik und Praxis (pp. 148-159). Stuttgart: Hirzel.

Wessel, D., Mayr, E., & Knipfer, K. (2007). Re-viewing the museum visitors view. In G. N. Vavoula, A. Kukulska-Hulme, & N. Pachler (Eds.), Research methods in informal and mobile learning (pp. 17-23). London: WLE Centre.

Research Reports (peer-reviewed)

Writing research reports that are reviewed by the EU is not easy. The reports should not be confused with end-of-project reports -- they are reviewed and the contents are used. I think we did very good work with these reports -- we really got to know our target audience, condensed the results to make the useful for the developers, and we came up with a comprehensive yet workable framework to evaluate the success of reflection support in informal settings.

Knipfer, K., Wessel, D., DeLeeuw, K. (2012). MIRROR - Reflective Learning at Work. Evaluation Framework. Deliverable 1.5.

Wessel, D., & Knipfer, K. (2011). MIRROR - Reflective Learning at Work: Report on User Studies. Project Deliverable D1.2.

Kump, B., Knipfer, K., & Wessel, D. (2011). MIRROR - Reflective Learning at Work. Specification of Research Methodology and Research Tooling. Deliverable 1.1

Conference/Workshop Proceedings

Pammer, V., Knipfer, K., Krogstie, B., Wessel, D., Prilla, M., & Lindstaedt, S. (2011). Reflective learning at work – A position and discussion paper. In W. Reinhardt, T. D. Ullmann, P. Scott, V. Pammer, O. Conlan, & A. Berlanga (Eds.), Proceedings of the 1st European Workshop on Awareness and Reflection in Learning Networks (Vol. 790, pp. 46-55). RWTH Aachen:

Mayr, E., & Wessel, D. (2007). Potentials and challenges of mobile media in museums. In M. E. Auer, & A. Al-Zoubi (Eds.), 2nd International Conference on Interactive Mobile and Computer-Aided Learning. Kassel: Kassel University Press.

Wessel, D. (2007). The Role of Mobile Devices to Satisfy Situational Interest in Informal Settings. In M. E. Auer, & A. Al-Zoubi (Eds.), 2nd International Conference on Interactive Mobile and Computer-Aided Learning. Kassel: Kassel University Press.

Qualification Work

Wessel, D. (2010). Supporting interest and knowledge exchange through mobile devices and bookmarking in science and technology museums. [Dissertation Thesis]

Wessel, D. (2005). Illusory Correlation -- A consensus based perspective [Illusorische Korrelation – Eine konsensbasierte Perspektive]. [Unpublished Diploma Thesis]

Non-reviewed Books

Note: Whereas the following two books were published with a book on demand service, they both are about 400 pages, contain my knowledge about organizing creative work, and took me each more than a year to write.

Wessel, D. (2012). Organizing Creativity. How to generate, capture, and collect ideas to realize creative projects. (2nd completely revised edition). Createspace.
("freely" available PDF, Lulu eBook PDF, Lulu ePub version, Kindle Edition, Paperback Color Version, Paperback B/W (Createspace), Paperback B/W (Amazon))

Wessel, D. (2008). Organizing Creativity. How to generate, capture, collect, and realize ideas to improve individual creativity. Lulu/Createspace.

Conference Contributions


Note that talks that are already mentioned in the proceedings are not included here.

Wessel, D. (2015). Ein paar Wahrheiten (und vielleicht auch ein paar Geheimnisse) über das Organisieren der eigenen Kreativität. MinD-Akademie 2015 -- Wahrheiten und Geheimnisse. Heidelberg, Deutschland.

Wessel, D. (2015). Organizing Creativity -- A few tips to realize creative projects. EMAG 2015. Berlin, Deutschland.

Wessel, D. (2013). Oh, du weißes Blatt, inspirier mich ... oder besser nicht! – Methoden und Werkzeuge zum Schreiben [Oh, you white sheet of paper, inspire me ... or rather not!] MinD-Akademie 2013: Beziehungen und Relationen. Düsseldorf, Deutschland. [Script available online]

Wessel, D. (2013). 'Scientific Community' -- Die Wissenschaft als sozialer Prozess [Scientific Community -- Science as a social process] MinD-Akademie 2013: Beziehungen und Relationen. Düsseldorf, Deutschland.

Wessel, D., Knipfer, K., DeLeeuw, K., Maiden, N., Krogstie, B., & Cress, U. (2013, Mai). Evaluating informal learning support: Best Practice from MIRROR - Reflective Learning at Work. Präsentation auf dem 16. Kongress der European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology, Münster.

Wessel, D. (2011). Die Zukunft deiner Forschung -- Wie organisiert man eine wissenschaftliche Arbeit? [The Future of Your Research -- How to organize a scientific work?] MinD-Akademie 2011: Zukunft und Forschung. Hannover, Deutschland.

Kump, B., Knipfer, K., Moskaliuk, J., Wodzicki, K., & Wessel, D. (2011, September). Wissensmanagement im Dialog zwischen Wissenschaft und Praxis. I-Know. Graz, Österreich.

Wessel, D., Zahn, C., & Hesse, F.W. (2008, July). Supporting situational interest and knowledge exchange with mobile media. XXIX International Congress of Psychology. Berlin.

Wessel, D., Zahn, C., Hesse, F.W. (2008, December). Supporting Visitors’ Interest within and beyond the Museum with Mobile Media. Nordic Digital Excellence in Museums. Reykjavik, Iceland.

Wessel, D., Mayr, E., & Knipfer, K. (2007, December). Re-viewing the museum visitors view. Workshop "Research methods in informal and mobile learning: How to get the data we really want". WLE Centre, Institute of Education. London, UK.

Wessel, D. (2007). Kreativität braucht Struktur – Wie organisiert man seine Kreativität? MinD-Akademie 2007: Kreativität. Würzburg, Deutschland.

Wessel, D., Zahn, C., & Hesse, F. W. (2007, September). Der Pädagogische Nutzen von situationalem Interesse und Interest Trails in informellen Settings. 11. Fachtagung Pädagogische Psychologie. Berlin.

Wessel, D., Zahn, C., & Hesse, F. W. (2007, July). Integrating situational interest and interest trails with mobile learning in an informal setting. IADIS International Conference e-Learning. Lisbon, Portugal.

Wessel, D. (2006). Knowledge Construction: The Wiki Case. Vortrag zum CSCL Workshop am 26.10.2006


Wessel, D. (2011). Wie organisiert man seine Kreativität? [How to organize your creativity?] MinD-Akademie 2011: Zukunft und Forschung. Hannover, Deutschland. [Best Poster Presentation Award (Category: Miscellaneous)]

Knipfer, K., & Wessel, D. (2011, Juni). Pro oder kontra Nanotechnologie? Parlamentarischer Abend [der Leibniz Gemeinschaft] "Nanotechnologie -- Chancen eines Zukunftsfeldes", dbb Forum. Berlin.

Wessel, D. (2008). Vorstellung des mobilen Eye Trackers. Poster presented zum Besuch des Stiftungsrates im IWM am 26.02.2008.

Wessel, D., Zahn, C., & Hesse, F. W. (2007, November). A Mobile Application to Satisfy Situational Interest and Support Memory in Informal Settings. Workshop "Learning in Museums: International Positions". Knowledge Media Research Center, Tübingen. [recycled EARLI poster]

Wessel, D., Zahn, C., & Hesse, F. W. (2007, August). A mobile application to satisfy situational interest in informal settings. JURE Pre-Conference of EARLI. Budapest, Hungary. [Best Poster Presentation Award]


Symposium Co-Chair at ICP 2008

Buder, J., Hesse, F.W., Bodemer, D., Dehler, J., Knipfer, K., Mayr, E., Wessel, D. & Zahn, C. (2006). Workshop on CSCL and Group Cognition. Tübingen, 25.-27.10.2006.

Reussner, E., Schwan, S., Töpper, J., Wessel, D., & Zahn, C. (2006). Workshop "Lernen im Museum: Theorien, Forschungsfragen und Methoden" (im Rahmen des Projektes "Informelles Lernen mit Medien im Museum" des Pakts für Innovation und Forschung). IWM, 12.06.2006.

Online Publications

Organizing Creativity (

Creativity, deliberately creating something that is new and useful, is more than just one idea.

Whether in art, science, or for private creative projects, a good idea needs countless other ideas. An idea for a plot needs ideas for characters, settings, and dialogues, an idea for a study needs ideas for dependent variables, instructions, materials. And even private projects need to be fleshed out.

To deal with these ideas and to actually realize the projects, creativity needs an unlikely ally — organization.

So, on "Organizing Creativity", I look at creativity, organization, ways to organize creativity by mastering the topic, generating ideas, capturing ideas, collecting ideas, realizing creative projects, and archiving ideas, and at tools, general tips, and resources.

The blog aims to enlarge the reader's options when working in science (incl. engineering and commercial projects), art, or on private projects to improve the chance of realizing creative projects. The focus is on creating the infrastructure for having ideas and realizing them. (

I am a founding member of -- a blog concerned with facilitating knowledge exchange between scientific research and praxis. The focus is on knowledge management. We write "wissensdialoge" (more informal) and "wissensblitze" (more formal). The later are one page PDF files, explaining a psychological concept/process/issue for laypersons in a concise manner. The website and its material are in German.

Whereas the following "wissensblitze" are only one-page online publications, they are reviewed by the other "wissenswerker" (Knowledge Workers) on Furthermore, it is actually not easy to write about science in a way a layperson can understand.

There are also a couple of Dialogues addressing interesting topics:


Note: You find more information about my stance on teaching in this self-reflection (in German only).

Baden-Württemberg Certificate

I did a diploma supplement -- the "Baden-Württemberg Certificate" -- at the University of Tübingen. To quote the document: "The 'Baden-Württemberg Certificate' is awarded by the Center for educational development (HDZ) of the universities of the state of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It attests the successful completion of a program in higher education pedagogy."

Own Courses

I love teaching and will look for future courses to teach.

SS2012 Seminar Mobile Medien [Mobile Media] (Psychology, Bachelor/Diploma Students) [Evaluation]

WS2011/2012 Seminar Selbstgesteuertes Lernen [Self-directed learning] (with Tanja Engelmann) (Psychology, Bachelor Students)

WS2011/2012 Seminar Lernen mit Medien: Medienrezeption: Mobile Medien [Learning with Media: Media reception with mobile Media] (Psychology, Diploma Students)

SS2011 Seminar Selbstgesteuertes Lernen [Self-directed learning] (Psychologie, Diploma Students)

WS2010/2011 Seminar Lernen mit Medien: Medienrezeption [Learning with Media: Media reception] (Psychology, Diploma Students)

Own Workshops

2014: Online Workshop on Scientific Work via Google Hangout (2x)

2012: Wissenschaftliches Arbeiten [Scientific Work] (2x)

Teaching Assistant

2009: VideoTools SS09 (Teaching Assistant)

2009: Videoresponses, WS09/10 (Teaching Assistant)

2008: Video Responses WS08-09 (Teaching Assistant)

2007: Visual Design WS07-08 (Teaching Assistant)

2006: Visual Design WS06-07 (Teaching Assistant)


One diploma thesis (ghost advisor)

Further Training

Conference Participation

Note: Here without talk or poster, just because I was interested.

MinD-Akademie 2010: "Transformationen"

Mobile Learning Day 2010 in Hagen

MinD-Akademie 2008: "Zeit"

Vortragsreihe IWM Museum (2008)

MOOC Participation

Note: Participation only, just because I was interested (or it had an interesting perspective on an issue I work with, ideally both).

Coursera: Gamification
(Written Assignments for Gamification Course)

Coursera: Securing Digital Democracy

Course/Workshop Participation

Note: Participation only, just because I was interested.

2011: Rückenschulung

2010: IWM Eye-Tracking Workshop

2010: Presentation Course

2010: IWM Karriereplanungsworkshop

2009: Academic Writing Course IWM

2009: Präsentationskurs IWM

2009: InDesign (vhs)

2009: IWM Doktorandenprogramm (teilweise)

2008: Eye Tracking Workshop im IWM

2007: Vorbereiten und Verfassen von Forschungsanträgen

2007: JURE Reviewer Workshop

2007: Writing Scientific Articles Into International Educational Journals


MHN - MinD-Hochschul-Netzwerk (2007 - current)

Local Ethics Commission of KMRC (2008 - 2014)


Note: Some of the reviews, up until 2011, were "ghost reviews", meaning I did a large part or all of the review in someone else's name.
I think that peer-reviews are important for science by allowing for self-correction and advancement. Not only by ensuring that good scientific work is published, but -- perhaps more importantly -- by helping good and courageous new ideas to spread, and as written in this posting, I strongly agree with the brilliant article by Trafimow and Rice (2009).


2013: EARLI, EMOOCS, Special Issue on Recommender Systems and Group Awareness in Collaborative Social Learning Environments of the Journal of Educational Computing Research, ICLS

2012: IMCL, Learning & Instruction, EU Project MIRROR, artel12

2011: ICLS, JCAL, Transactions on Learning Technologies, EU Project MIRROR


2009: CSCL, ICCE, Medienpsychologie

2007: CSCL, EC-TEL, IJMLO, Innovative Mobile Learning, Mensch und Computer, IEEE Transactions on Computers


Exhibition: Adiposity-Exhibition (2011, updated version 2013)

Flyer: Wissensdialoge Flyer (2012), Conference Flyer about my dissertation (2008), Conference Flyer about the use of PDAs (2008), Flyer to introduce a project about learning in museums (2007)

Templates: Wissensblitze

Project Work


Conceptual Work: About the relationship of science and praxis (2009)

Reports: Documentation of my research work in yearly reports

Requirement Forms: Mobile Eye-Tracker (2010), iPod touchs (2009), PDA Hardware (2007)

Interdisciplinary Projects

EU Project "MIRROR -- Reflective Learning at Work"
Project work from 2010 to 2012, from 2012 on associated, including:

  • participation in the 1st Review at the EC in Luxembourg (2011)
  • participation in Test-Bed Visits (2010)
  • participation in Evaluation Framework Workshops (2011)

ScienceCampus Project "StOb Obesity"
Project work from 2010 to 2012, including:

  • participation in research design and data analysis
  • participation in ScienceCampus review



  • 2012: Mobile Observation App, updated version 2013
  • 2011: Critical Thinking App


  • 2008: Mobile Guide Dissertation Study 2 (stand alone version with HTML, JavaScript)
  • 2007: Mobile Guide Dissertation Study 1 (website version with HTML/PHP, JavaScript, SQL)


Note: The following works were failures, meaning they were either rejected or (even worse) never submitted. However, they also provided an interesting learning experience.

  • Rejected Conference Submissions: In 2007 the contribution for the "5. Tagung der Fachgruppe Medienpsychologie der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie 2007" was rejected. The first time a night shift did not work as expected (I forgot a verb in one of my sentences and given that only abstracts were submitted it was highly noticeable -- and the reviewer was very ... adamant about it).
  • Rejected DFG Proposals: I tried to apply for the DFG SPP 1409 (first and second round). In the first round it was rejected because the distance between basic and applied research was too large, and for the second round it did not even leave the building (in hindsight ... luckily).
  • Rejected Journal Submissions:
    • I had no luck with the papers based on my dissertation thesis. The thesis itself was too interdisciplinary and after a handful of rejects or "major revision - reject" I gave up. Never again trying to accomodate three disciplines in one study. Taught me the value of knowing the domain and the field and pointed to the value of having co-authors from the domains you (also) work in.
    • We tried to submit a paper about reflection which was rejected and we are still working on a very good (in my opinion) paper on critical thinking in museums.
  • Rejected Technological Developments: I had an idea for an RFID/Flash Wiki, but the idea of localizing the PDA via a gate of RFID chips did not work out and the use of Flash on mobile devices in 2006 had it's own challenges. I switch to a different solution which worked well.